After winter, the soil needs to be warmed up and, possibly, additionally fertilized. Then she will be completely ready to start planting. Plants planted in this soil, just get all the necessary micronutrients to grow, reward summer people excellent harvest.
Since usually the earth does not dig up the earth in early spring, one can turn to three alternative ways to “wake up” the soil after hibernation.
If it seems to you that the soil is clearly scarce, it can be further fertilized and at the same time heated. To do this, use manure or compost - organic fertilizer. They emit not only heat, but also carbon dioxide, which subsequently helps the plant in the process of photosynthesis. Here there are several options for the choice of summer residents:
- Organic trench. In the middle of the beds, a hole is dug in length with a spade, filled with the selected organic fertilizer, filled with hot water from above and filled with earth.
- Steam effect. The method largely repeats the previous one: prepare a groove in which you pour organic matter. On top, add lime in the proportions of 500 grams per 1 square. m. Now you need to fill the dug groove with organic matter using ordinary garden soil mixed with complex mineral fertilizer at the rate of 2 liters per 1 square. m
- Organic holes. The method is perfect for those who are going to grow zucchini and pumpkin. Dig small holes 30 cm deep and 60 cm wide, bring in the compost, as well as 1 tbsp. l ash and complex fertilizer. Then pour the wells with soil. After that, you can plant seedlings in the beds.
If the soil does not need additional fertilizers (for example, you made them in the fall), then in the spring you will need only top dressing with complex mineral fertilizer. Top should be poured abundantly with hot water mixed with potassium permanganate at the rate of 1 gram per 10 liters. Loosen the soil well and safely plant the seedlings.
To help the soil warm up, cover the beds several weeks before sowing. The edges of the material should be slightly buried in the soil to keep warm. Before sowing the soil should be loosened with a rake.
Another way to protect the soil from excessive moisture and sun is to “cover” it with a layer of peat (half a bucket) and ash (1 liter jar per 1 sq. M.). This mixture will also be an excellent fertilizer.